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Invited External Seminar (webinar), Tuesday, May 31, 2022, 16:00 -17:00 (zoom platform) Zoom link

Design of a Quiet Supersonic Aircraft Enabled by Shape Memory Alloy Actuators

Dimitris C. Lagoudas (abstract - short CV)

Aerospace Engineering and Materials Science and Engineering Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA

lagoudas@tamu.edu

The return of commercial supersonic flight requires innovative solutions to be developed that meet noise and efficiency requirements for overland flight. To study such a possibility NASA is supporting a multi-disciplinary team of academic and industrial experts to explore the potential of structurally morphing the outer mold line of a supersonic vehicle. The team is considering recent advances in supersonic computational fluid dynamics, sonic boom propagation prediction tools and new design approaches of embedding high actuation energy density Shape Memory Alloys (SMAs) for in situ morphing, leading to optimal low boom signatures in different atmospheric environments and flight conditions. The presentation will focus on the development of the appropriate high temperature NiTiHf SMAs based on the requirement of reliable repeated actuation up to 100K thermal actuation cycles, under high levels of stress. The thermomechanical constitutive modeling of such alloys, their modeling of low cycle actuation fatigue and failure will be discussed. A unified constitutive modeling approach will be described to capture critical phenomena associated with the unique response of SMAs and the development of predictive tools for the design and reliable operation of phase transforming materials for aerospace applications.

Invited External Seminar (webinar), Tuesday, December 7, 16:00 Teams link

Large-area nanostructured electronics manufactured at a flash

Prof. Thomas Anthopoulos (abstract - short CV)

King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia

In traditional electronics the ability to downscale critical dimensions of its building block, the transistor, has proven extremely successful in advancing the computational power of modern-day microelectronics. However, the adaptation of existing manufacturing techniques in emerging technologies, such as large-area printed electronics, has proven challenging both in terms of technology and economics. Despite the difficulties new forms of electronics have been gaining ground, transforming both the research and development landscape as well as the broader marketplace of electronics and the relevant manufacturing infrastructure. In this talk I will discuss our recent efforts towards downscaling emerging forms of large-area, nanostructured electronics through the combination of new fabrication paradigms and advanced materials. Particular emphasis will be placed on the development and evolution of adhesion lithography (a-Lith) and its use in an expanding library of applications ranging from ultra-fast, solid-state opto/electronic devices to new forms of nano-reactors for solar fuel generation and energy storage.

Invited External Seminar (webinar), Tuesday, November 23, 15:00 -16:00 Teams link

Chemical design rules for non-fullerene acceptors in organic solar cells

Denis Andrienko (abstract - short CV)

Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research, Mainz, Germany

Efficiencies of organic solar cells have practically doubled since the development of non-fullerene acceptors (NFAs). However, generic chemical design rules for donor-NFA combinations are still needed. We propose such rules by analyzing inhomogeneous electrostatic fields at the donor-acceptor interface. We show that an acceptor-donor-acceptor molecular architecture, and molecular alignment parallel to the interface, result in energy level bending that destabilizes the charge transfer state, thus promoting its dissociation into free charges. By analyzing a series of PCE10:NFA solar cells, with NFAs including Y6, IEICO, and ITIC, as well as their halogenated derivatives, we suggest that the molecular quadrupole moment of ca 75 Debye Angstrom balances the losses in the open circuit voltage and gains in charge generation efficiency.
References:
S. Karuthedath, et al., Nature Materials, 20, 378-384, 2021. A. Markina et al., Adv. Energy Mater., 2102363, 2021. J. I. Khan, et al., Adv. Energy Mater., 2100839, 2021.

Invited (Inaugural) External Seminar (webinar), Tuesday, May 18, 16:00 -17:00 (zoom platform)

Graphene Nanoribbons – Closing the Gap between Graphene and Conjugated Polymers

Klaus Müllen (abstract - short CV)

Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research, Mainz, Germany

Graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) emerge as unique carbon nanostructures and versatile electronic materials. Their band structures can be widely tuned yielding semiconductors and even topological insulators. The most important features are i) the opening of a band gap due to the geometric confinement and ii) the occurrence of edge localized electronic states with spin polarization. Both characteristics offer new technological opportunities.
The key breakthrough is precision polymer synthesis which becomes possible by i) repetitive cycloadditions in solution, ii) on-surface polymerization after immobilization of monomer building blocks and iii) chemical vapor deposition.

Science 2019, 366, 1107;   Nature Nanotechnology 2020, 15, 22;   Nature 2018, 557, 69;    560, 209; 561, 507;   Progr. Polym. Science 2020, 100;  Nature Rev. Chem. 2017, 2, 01000;  J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2021, 143, 5564;   Nature Chemistry,  accepted.   

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Invited External Seminar (webinar), Tuesday, June 15, 16:00 -17:00 (zoom platform)

Nanostructured Hybrid Materials by Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization

Krzysztof Matyjaszewski (abstract - short CV)

Carnegie Mellon University, Center for Macromolecular Engineering, Pittsburgh, PA, 15213, USA

matyjaszewski@cmu.edu

Many advanced nanostructured functional materials were recently designed and prepared by reversible deactivation radical polymerization. Copper-based ATRP (atom transfer radical polymerization) catalytic systems with polydentate nitrogen ligands are among most efficient reversible deactivation radical polymerization systems. Recently, by applying new initiating/catalytic systems, Cu level in ATRP was reduced to a few ppm. ATRP of acrylates, methacrylates, styrenes, acrylamides, acrylonitrile and other vinyl monomers was controlled by various external stimuli, including electrical current, light, mechanical forces and ultrasound, also in the presence of air. ATRP was employed for synthesis of polymers with precisely controlled molecular architecture with designed shape, composition and functionality. Block, graft, star, hyperbranched, gradient copolymers, molecular brushes, various hybrid materials and bioconjugates were prepared with high precision. Special emphasis will be on nanostructured multifunctional hybrid materials for application related to biology, environment, and energy.

Presentations of IMSC member activities 2020

MS Teams

Click to open presentation (PDF file).
Date / Time: 16:00-17:00Presenters
6/10Maria Louloudi
Elefterios Lidorikis
George Floudas
13/10Sotiris Hadjikakou
Periklis Papadopoulos
20/10Michael Karakassides
Evangelos Evangelou
Achilleas Garoufis
27/10Emmanouil Manos
George Papageorgiou
3/11Alexandros Tselepis
Leonidas Gergidis
Alkiviadis Paipetis
10/11Mamas Prodromidis
John Plakatouras
Angelos Kalampounias
17/11Ioannis Panagiotopoulos
Alexios Douvalis
Dimosthenis Giokas
24/11Dimitrios Tasis
Yiannis Deligiannakis
Andreas Tzakos
1/12Dimitrios Gournis
Angeliki Lekatou
Christina Lekka
8/12George Evangelakis

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